Arabic numbers follow specific patterns, and learning them can be easy once you understand how they work. In this blog post, we’ll cover how to say the numbers from 1 to 100 in Arabic. Whether you are learning Arabic or just curious, this guide will help you get started.

## Arabic Numbers 1 100

Here’s a table showing Arabic numerals 1 to 20 along with their Arabic script and pronunciation:

Number | Arabic Numerals | Arabic Script | Pronunciation |
---|---|---|---|

1 | ١ | واحد | Wahid |

2 | ٢ | اثنان | Ithnan |

3 | ٣ | ثلاثة | Thalatha |

4 | ٤ | أربعة | Arba’a |

5 | ٥ | خمسة | Khamsa |

6 | ٦ | ستة | Sitta |

7 | ٧ | سبعة | Sab’a |

8 | ٨ | ثمانية | Thamaniya |

9 | ٩ | تسعة | Tis’a |

10 | ١٠ | عشرة | Ashara |

11 | ١١ | أحد عشر | Ahad Ashar |

12 | ١٢ | اثنا عشر | Ithna Ashar |

13 | ١٣ | ثلاثة عشر | Thalatha Ashar |

14 | ١٤ | أربعة عشر | Arba’a Ashar |

15 | ١٥ | خمسة عشر | Khamsa Ashar |

16 | ١٦ | ستة عشر | Sitta Ashar |

17 | ١٧ | سبعة عشر | Sab’a Ashar |

18 | ١٨ | ثمانية عشر | Thamaniya Ashar |

19 | ١٩ | تسعة عشر | Tis’a Ashar |

20 | ٢٠ | عشرون | Ishrun |

**Notes:**

- For numbers 1 and 2, the feminine forms are different from the masculine ones.
- From numbers 3 to 10, the feminine forms are generally made by removing the final “ة” (taa’ marbuta) from the masculine form, with some exceptions.
- For compound numbers (11-20), the feminine forms follow specific patterns.

In Arabic, numbers 1 (واحد – wāḥid) and 2 (اِثْنَان – ithnān) function like adjectives and must agree with the noun in gender, definiteness, and case:

**Number 1 (واحد – wāḥid):**Follows the noun it modifies, agreeing in gender and definiteness.- Masculine: كِتَابٌ وَاحِد (kitābun wāḥid) – One book
- Feminine: سَيَّارَةٌ وَاحِدَة (sayyāra wāḥida) – One car
**Number 2 (اِثْنَان – ithnān):**Also follows the noun, agreeing in gender and case.- Masculine: رَجُلان اِثْنَان (rajulān ithnān) – Two men
- Feminine: سَيَّارَتَان اِثْنَتَان (sayyāratān ithnatān) – Two cars

## Numbers 3 to 10

**Placement:**The number precedes the noun.- Example: ثَلاثَة كُتُب (thalātha kutub) – Three books
**No Tanwin or Alif-Lam:**They do not have tanwin or alif-lam.- Example: سَبْعَة كُتُب (sabʿa kutub) – Seven books
**Noun Case:**The noun is in the genitive case (majrur) and must be plural.- Example: ثَمَانِيَة أَوْلاد (thamāniya awlād) – Eight boys
**Gender Agreement:**The number and noun must have opposite genders.- Example: خَمْسَة طُلَّاب (khamsa ṭullāb) – Five students (ṭullāb is masculine, so the number “five” is feminine)
- Example: أَرْبَع سَيَّارَات (arbaʿ sayyārāt) – Four cars (sayyārāt is feminine, so the number “four” is masculine)

**READ MORE: Understanding Arabic Numbers 1-20 in English**

## Arabic Numbers: 11 to 20

When learning Arabic numbers, it’s important to understand how they function grammatically. Here’s a detailed guide to Arabic numbers 11 through 20, focusing on their structure and usage.

### Numbers 11 to 19

In Arabic, numbers from 11 to 19 are compound words, consisting of two parts:

**The first part**indicates the number 1-9.**The second part**indicates “ten.”

Both parts of the compound number are indeclinable, meaning they do not change form. However, there are some rules to follow:

**Gender Agreement:**

- The first part of the number is opposite in gender to the noun being counted. For example, if the noun is feminine, the first part will be masculine.
- The second part of the number agrees with the gender of the noun being counted.

**Case and Declension:**

**Tamyeez:**The number is always in the singular and accusative case (mansub), which is known as tamyeez.**Exceptions for 2:**Numbers 2 (اثنان) and 2 (اثنتان) are exceptions. In the genitive and accusative cases, they become**اثني**and**اثنتي**.

Here’s a breakdown of numbers 11 to 19:

**أحد عشر (Ahad Ashar)**– Eleven**اثنا عشر (Ithna Ashar)**– Twelve**ثلاثة عشر (Thalatha Ashar)**– Thirteen**أربعة عشر (Arba’a Ashar)**– Fourteen**خمسة عشر (Khamsa Ashar)**– Fifteen**ستة عشر (Sitta Ashar)**– Sixteen**سبعة عشر (Sab’a Ashar)**– Seventeen**ثمانية عشر (Thamaniya Ashar)**– Eighteen**تسعة عشر (Tis’a Ashar)**– Nineteen

Number | Masculine Form | Feminine Form |
---|---|---|

11 | أحد عشر (Ahad Ashar) | إحدى عشرة (Ihda Ashar) |

12 | اثنا عشر (Ithna Ashar) | اثنتا عشرة (Ithnata Ashar) |

13 | ثلاثة عشر (Thalatha Ashar) | ثلاث عشرة (Thalath Ashar) |

14 | أربعة عشر (Arba’a Ashar) | أربع عشرة (Arba’a Ashar) |

15 | خمسة عشر (Khamsa Ashar) | خمس عشرة (Khams Ashar) |

16 | ستة عشر (Sitta Ashar) | ست عشرة (Sitta Ashar) |

17 | سبعة عشر (Sab’a Ashar) | سبع عشرة (Sab’a Ashar) |

18 | ثمانية عشر (Thamaniya Ashar) | ثمان عشرة (Thamaniya Ashar) |

19 | تسعة عشر (Tis’a Ashar) | تسع عشرة (Tis’a Ashar) |

### The Number Twenty

The number 20 in Arabic is unique:

**Form:****عشرون (Ishrun)**– Twenty**Pattern:**It follows the same pattern as the sound masculine plural. This means it has a consistent form regardless of the gender of the noun being counted.**Noun Case:**The noun being counted is always in the singular and accusative case (mansub), known as**tamyeez**. This rule applies to numbers from 11 to 99.

### Practical Tips

**Practice Gender Agreement:**Ensure you correctly match the gender of the noun with the second part of the number.**Use Tamyeez:**Remember to use the singular and accusative case for the noun being counted.**Understand Exceptions:**Pay attention to the exceptions with the number 2 and adjust accordingly in the genitive and accusative cases.

By following these guidelines, you’ll enhance your understanding and use of Arabic numbers in everyday situations. Practice regularly to become proficient in using these numbers correctly in both writing and conversation.

## How to Form Arabic Multiples of Ten – A Simple Guide

In Arabic, forming multiples of ten (like 30, 40, 50) follows a clear and simple pattern. Once you understand the basic rule, it’s easy to transform singular numbers into their tens forms. Let’s break it down step by step.

### Step-by-Step Process to Form Arabic Tens

To create a multiple of ten in Arabic, you need to follow these steps:

**Start with the Feminine Singular Form**: In Arabic, many numbers in their singular form (like three, four, or five) end with**Taa marbuta**(ة), which is the feminine ending. For example:

- Three:
**ثلاثة**(thalātha) - Four:
**أربعة**(arba‘a)

**Remove the Taa Marbuta (ة)**: To form the plural (tens), remove the**Taa marbuta**ending. This leaves the masculine form of the number.

- Three becomes
**ثلاث**(thalāth) - Four becomes
**أربع**(arba‘)

**Add the Ending “woun” (ون)**: Finally, add the masculine plural ending**“woun” (ون)**to the number.

- Three becomes
**ثلاثون**(thalāthūn) – thirty - Four becomes
**أربعون**(arba‘ūn) – forty

### Examples of Forming Arabic Tens

Let’s look at how this rule applies to different numbers:

**Three (ثلاثة)**→ Remove the**Taa marbuta (ة)**→**ثلاث (thalāth)**→ Add**“woun” (ون)**→**ثلاثون (thalāthūn)**– Thirty**Four (أربعة)**→ Remove the**Taa marbuta (ة)**→**أربع (arba‘)**→ Add**“woun” (ون)**→**أربعون (arba‘ūn)**– Forty**Five (خمسة)**→ Remove the**Taa marbuta (ة)**→**خمس (khams)**→ Add**“woun” (ون)**→**خمسون (khamsūn)**– Fifty**Six (ستة)**→ Remove the**Taa marbuta (ة)**→**ست (sitt)**→ Add**“woun” (ون)**→**ستون (sittūn)**– Sixty**Seven (سبعة)**→ Remove the**Taa marbuta (ة)**→**سبع (sab‘)**→ Add**“woun” (ون)**→**سبعون (sabʿūn)**– Seventy**Eight (ثمانية)**→ Remove the**Taa marbuta (ة)**→**ثمان (thamān)**→ Add**“woun” (ون)**→**ثمانون (thamānūn)**– Eighty**Nine (تسعة)**→ Remove the**Taa marbuta (ة)**→**تسع (tisʿ)**→ Add**“woun” (ون)**→**تسعون (tisʿūn)**– Ninety

### Special Case: Number 20

The number **20** is an exception to this rule. Instead of following the same pattern, it has a unique form:

**Twenty**:**عشرون (ʿishrūn)**

### Key Things to Remember

**Gender Agreement**: In Arabic, numbers 3-9 have gender agreement, meaning the masculine form is used for feminine nouns and vice versa. However, when forming tens, the**“woun” (ون)**ending is used regardless of the noun’s gender.**Uniform Rule**: Except for**عشرون**(ʿishrūn) for twenty, all other multiples of ten follow the same pattern: remove the**Taa marbuta (ة)**and add**“woun” (ون)**.

### Quick Reference Chart

Number | Feminine Form (Singular) | Remove Taa Marbuta | Add woun | Multiple of Ten |
---|---|---|---|---|

3 | ثلاثة (thalātha) | ثلاث (thalāth) | ون (woun) | ثلاثون (thalāthūn) |

4 | أربعة (arba‘a) | أربع (arba‘) | ون (woun) | أربعون (arba‘ūn) |

5 | خمسة (khamsa) | خمس (khams) | ون (woun) | خمسون (khamsūn) |

6 | ستة (sitta) | ست (sitt) | ون (woun) | ستون (sittūn) |

7 | سبعة (sab‘a) | سبع (sab‘) | ون (woun) | سبعون (sabʿūn) |

8 | ثمانية (thamāniya) | ثمان (thamān) | ون (woun) | ثمانون (thamānūn) |

9 | تسعة (tis‘a) | تسع (tisʿ) | ون (woun) | تسعون (tisʿūn) |

## Numbers from 21 to 99 in Arabic

When forming numbers from **21 to 99** in Arabic, the structure is different from English. In English, we usually start with the **tens** and then add the **ones** (e.g., twenty-three, thirty-seven). However, in Arabic, it’s the opposite: we begin with the **ones** first and then follow with the **tens**, connecting them using the word “و” (wa), which means “and.”

### Steps to Form Numbers from 21 to 99 in Arabic

**Start with the Ones**:- The first part of the number will be the numeral for the ones (e.g., 3, 7, 9). Use the singular form of the number.

**Add “و” (Wa)**:- After the ones, insert the word “و” (wa), which means “and.”

**Add the Tens**:- After “و” (wa), use the multiple of ten (like 20, 30, 40, etc.).

**Final Structure**:- The structure will be:
**Ones + “و” (wa) + Tens**.

- The structure will be:

### Examples

Here are some examples of how to form numbers in this range:

**23**:- Start with
**3**(ثلاثة – thalātha) → Add “و” (wa) → Add**20**(عشرون – ʿishrūn). **Result**:**ثلاثة و عشرون (thalātha wa ʿishrūn)**– Twenty-three.

- Start with
**37**:- Start with
**7**(سبعة – sabʿa) → Add “و” (wa) → Add**30**(ثلاثون – thalāthūn). **Result**:**سبعة و ثلاثون (sabʿa wa thalāthūn)**– Thirty-seven.

- Start with
**59**:- Start with
**9**(تسعة – tisʿa) → Add “و” (wa) → Add**50**(خمسون – khamsūn). **Result**:**تسعة و خمسون (tisʿa wa khamsūn)**– Fifty-nine.

- Start with
**82**:- Start with
**2**(اثنان – ithnān) → Add “و” (wa) → Add**80**(ثمانون – thamānūn). **Result**:**اثنان و ثمانون (ithnān wa thamānūn)**– Eighty-two.

- Start with

### Important Things to Remember

**Ones First, Tens Second**:- Always start with the ones and then follow with the tens in Arabic. This is the reverse of how numbers are structured in English.

**The Word “و” (Wa)**:- “و” (wa), meaning “and,” is always used to connect the ones and the tens. Think of it as the glue that holds the two parts of the number together.

**Gender Agreement**:- For numbers 3-9, remember that Arabic numbers have gender forms. However, when forming numbers in this range, the
**ones**number agrees in gender with the noun, while the**tens**remain masculine. For example:- For
**23 students**(male), it would be**ثلاثة و عشرون طالبًا (thalātha wa ʿishrūn ṭāliban)**. - For
**23 students**(female), it would be**ثلاث و عشرون طالبة (thalāth wa ʿishrūn ṭāliba)**.

- For

- For numbers 3-9, remember that Arabic numbers have gender forms. However, when forming numbers in this range, the

### Visual Reference Table for Numbers 21 to 99

Number | Structure | Arabic (Ones + Wa + Tens) |
---|---|---|

21 | 1 + “و” (wa) + 20 | واحد و عشرون (wāḥid wa ʿishrūn) |

32 | 2 + “و” (wa) + 30 | اثنان و ثلاثون (ithnān wa thalāthūn) |

47 | 7 + “و” (wa) + 40 | سبعة و أربعون (sabʿa wa arbaʿūn) |

59 | 9 + “و” (wa) + 50 | تسعة و خمسون (tisʿa wa khamsūn) |

68 | 8 + “و” (wa) + 60 | ثمانية و ستون (thamāniya wa sittūn) |

93 | 3 + “و” (wa) + 90 | ثلاثة و تسعون (thalātha wa tisʿūn) |

## Number 100 in Arabic

In Arabic, the word for 100 is:

**مائة**(miʾa) – one hundred

## Key Things to Remember

**Gender Agreement**: In Arabic, some numbers change depending on the gender of the noun they are describing. For numbers 3 to 9, the number is masculine when describing feminine nouns and vice versa. For example:

- Three books (masculine):
**ثلاثة كتب**(thalātha kutub) - Three pens (feminine):
**ثلاثة أقلام**(thalātha aqlām)

**Number 2 (Dual Form)**: The number 2, or**اثنان**(ithnān), does not change whether the noun is masculine or feminine. You can use it as is.**Combination of Units and Tens**: When combining numbers like 21, 32, or 54, always say the unit first, followed by the tens.

## Conclusion

Learning Arabic numbers from 1 to 100 can seem tricky at first, but once you understand the patterns, it gets easier. Start with 1 to 10, then move on to 11 to 19, and finally combine the units and tens to form larger numbers. With a little practice, you’ll be counting in Arabic in no time!

Let me know if you have any questions or need more help with Arabic numbers!